3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers from 2007 (4 results)

Biological performance in goats of a porous titanium alloy-biphasic calcium phosphate composite

Biomaterials 2007 Volume 28, Issue 29, Pages 4209-4218

In this study, porous 3D fiber deposition titanium (3DFT) and 3DFT combined with porous biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic (3DFT+BCP) implants, both bare and 1 week cultured with autologous bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), were implanted intramuscularly and orthotopically in 10 goats. To assess the dynamics of bone formation over time, fluorochrome markers were administered at 3, 6 and 9 weeks and the animals were sacrificed at 12 weeks after implantation. New bone in the implants was investigated by histology and histomorphometry of non-decalcified sections. Intramuscularly, no bone formation was found in any of the 3DFT implants, while a very limited…

Comparative in vitro study of the cell proliferation of ovine and human osteoblast‐like cells on conventionally and rapid protot yping produced scaffolds tailored for application as potential bone replacement material

Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 2007 Volume 83A, Issue 4, pages 1154-1164

Reconstruction of bone defects in the field of craniomaxillofacial surgery is a relevant problem. In regenerative medicine, autologous bone is not available sufficiently. The full replacement of autologous bone grafts is required. A promising research field is the bone engineering. Especially the application of rapid prototyping (RP) enables new perspectives concerning the scaffold design. The aim of the study was to compare scaffolds produced by RP-technology (native and plasma-coated PLGA-scaffolds) with conventionally produced scaffolds (agar plates with hydroxyapatite and hyaluronic acid coated agar plates with hydroxyapatite) relating to proliferation, adhesion, and morphology of osteoblasts to get knowledge about the application…

Bone ingrowth in porous titanium implants produced by 3D fiber deposition

Biomaterials 2007 Volume 28, Issue 18, Pages 2810-2820

3D fiber deposition is a technique that allows the development of metallic scaffolds with accurately controlled pore size, porosity and interconnecting pore size, which in turn permits a more precise investigation of the effect of structural properties on the in vivo behavior of biomaterials. This study analyzed the in vivo performance of titanium alloy scaffolds fabricated using 3D fiber deposition. The titanium alloy scaffolds with different structural properties, such as pore size, porosity and interconnecting pore size were implanted on the decorticated transverse processes of the posterior lumbar spine of 10 goats. Prior to implantation, implant structure and permeability were…

Anatomical 3D fiber – deposited scaffolds for tissue engineering: designing a neotrachea

Tissue Engineering 2007 Volume: 13 Issue 10, Pages 2483-2493

The advantage of using anatomically shaped scaffolds as compared to modeled designs was investigated and assessed in terms of cartilage formation in an artificial tracheal construct. Scaffolds were rapid prototyped with a technique named three-dimensional fiber deposition (3DF). Anatomical scaffolds were fabricated from a patient-derived computerized tomography dataset, and compared to cylindrical and toroidal tubular scaffolds. Lewis rat tracheal chondrocytes were seeded on 3DF scaffolds and cultured for 21 days. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-dyphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) assays were performed to measure the relative number of cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) formed. After 3 weeks of culture, the…