3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers about Stromal Cells (2 results)

3D-Printed Ceramic-Demineralized Bone Matrix Hyperelastic Bone Composite Scaffolds for Spinal Fusion

Tissue Engineering: Part A 2019

Although numerous spinal biologics are commercially available, a cost-effective and safe bone graft substitute material for spine fusion has yet to be proven. In this study, “3D-Paints” containing varying volumetric ratios of hydroxyapatite (HA) and human demineralized bone matrix (DBM) in a poly(lactide-co-glycolide) elastomer were three-dimensional (3D) printed into scaffolds to promote osteointegration in rats, with an end goal of spine fusion without the need for recombinant growth factor. Spine fusion was evaluated by manual palpation, and osteointegration and de novo bone formation within scaffold struts were evaluated by laboratory and synchrotron microcomputed tomography and histology. The 3:1 HA:DBM composite…

3D printed β-TCP scaffold with sphingosine 1-phosphate coating promotes osteogenesis and inhibits inflammation

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2019 Volume 512, Issue 4, Pages 889-895

Traditional treatments for bone repair with allografts and autografts are limited by the source of bone substitutes. Bone tissue engineering via a cell-based bone tissue scaffold is a new strategy for treatment against large bone defects with many advantages, such as the accessibility of biomaterials, good biocompatibility and osteoconductivity; however, the inflammatory immune response is still an issue that impacts osteogenesis. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a cell-derived sphingolipid that can mediate cell proliferation, immunoregulation and bone regeneration. We hypothesised that coating S1P on a β-Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffold could regulate the immune response and increase osteogenesis. We tested the immunoregulation…