3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers about Silk Fibroin (5 results)

Bacterial cellulose nanofibers promote stress and fidelity of 3D-printed silk based hydrogel scaffold with hierarchical pores

Carbohydrate Polymers 2019 Volume 221, Pages 146-156

One of the latest trends in the regenerative medicine is the development of 3D-printing hydrogel scaffolds with biomimetic structures for tissue regeneration and organ reconstruction. However, it has been practically difficult to achieve a highly biomimetic hydrogel scaffolds with proper mechanical properties matching the natural tissue. Here, bacterial cellulose nanofibers (BCNFs) were applied to improve the structural resolution and enhance mechanical properties of silk fibroin (SF)/gelatin composite hydrogel scaffolds. The SF-based hydrogel scaffolds with hierarchical pores were fabricated via 3D-printing followed by lyophilization. Results showed that the tensile strength of printed sample increased significantly with the addition of BCNFs in…

3D printing of mesoporous bioactive glass/silk fibroin composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering

Materials Science & Engineering C 2019 Volume 103, Article 109731

The fabrication of bone tissue engineering scaffolds with high osteogenic ability and favorable mechanical properties is of huge interest. In this study, a silk fibroin (SF) solution of 30 wt% was extracted from cocoons and combined with mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) to fabricate MBG/SF composite scaffolds by 3D printing. The porosity, compressive strength, degradation and apatite forming ability were evaluated. The results illustrated that MBG/SF scaffolds had superior compressive strength (ca. 20 MPa) and good biocompatibility, and stimulated bone formation ability compared to mesoporous bioactive glass/polycaprolactone (MBG/PCL) scaffolds. We subcutaneously transplanted hBMSCs-loaded MBG/SF and MBG/PCL scaffolds into the back of nude mice…

3D-printed scaffolds of biomineralized hydroxyapatite nanocomposite on silk fibroin for improving bone regeneration

Applied Surface Science 2019 Volumes 467–468, Pages 345-353

In an attempt to fabricate biomimetic bone repair scaffolds and improve bone regeneration point of view, we have three dimensionally printed porous scaffolds with biomineralized hydroxyapatite/silk fibroin nanocomposites. SF/HA composite particles were firstly produced via an in-situ mineral precipitation process when SF molecules were served as templates.. Microscopy observations of SF/HA showed homogeneous morphology and narrowly distributed size. By using sodium alginate (SA) as paste binder, scaffolds with different contents of SF/HA were subsequently 3D-printed under proper conditions. All the scaffolds were porous with 3D interconnected large pores (size ~400 μm) and an overall porosity about 70%, combined with a relative…

Engineering patient-specific bioprinted constructs for treatment of degenerated intervertebral disc

Materials Today Communications 2018 In Press, Corrected Proof

Lower back pain (LBP), which is strongly associated with intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration, is one of the most frequently reported age- and work-related disorder in actual society, leading to a huge socio-economic impact worldwide. The current treatments have poor clinical outcomes and do not consider each patient needs. Thus, there is a growing interest in the potential of personalized cell-based tissue engineering (TE) approaches aimed to regenerate the damaged IVD and efficiently restore full disc function. In this work, a bioink composed by silk fibroin (SF) hydrogel combined with elastin was used to bioprint patient-specific substitutes mimicking IVD ultrastructure, in…

Fast Setting Silk Fibroin Bioink for Bioprinting of Patient-Specific Memory-Shape Implants

Advanced Healthcare Materials 2017 Volume 6, Issue 22, 1701021

The pursuit for the “perfect” biomimetic and personalized implant for musculoskeletal tissue regeneration remains a big challenge. 3D printing technology that makes use of a novel and promising biomaterials can be part of the solution. In this study, a fast setting enzymatic-crosslinked silk fibroin (SF) bioink for 3D bioprinting is developed. Their properties are fine-tuned and different structures with good resolution, reproducibility, and reliability can be fabricated. Many potential applications exist for the SF bioinks including 3D bioprinted scaffolds and patient-specific implants exhibiting unique characteristics such as good mechanical properties, memory-shape feature, suitable degradation, and tunable pore architecture and morphology.