3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers about Calcium Silicate (3 results)

Mesoporous calcium silicate and titanium composite scaffolds via 3D-printing for improved properties in bone repair

Ceramics International 2021 Volume 47, Issue 13, Pages 18905-18912

Calcium silicate (CS) composite bone tissue engineering scaffolds were three-dimensionally printed using titanium metallic powders as the second strengthening phase for overcoming the inherent brittleness and fast degradability. In order to promote the sintering process of all composite scaffolds, mesoporous structure was further introduced into sol-gel-derived CS powders obtaining mesoporous CS (MCS) with larger surface area. The influences of mesoporous structure, sintering temperature and Ti content have been investigated through comparisons of the final scaffold composition, microstructure, compressive strength and in vitro stability. Results showed that CS matrix materials reacted with Ti could form less degradable CaTiO3 and TiC ceramic…

Three-dimensional printing of β-tricalcium phosphate/calcium silicate composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering

Bio-Design and Manufacturing 2018 Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 146-156

Bioactive scaffolds with interconnected porous structures are essential for guiding cell growth and new bone formation. In this work, we successfully fabricated three-dimensional (3D) porous β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP)/calcium silicate (CS) composite scaffolds with different ratios by 3D printing technique and further investigated the physiochemical properties, in vitro apatite mineralization properties and degradability of porous β-TCP/CS scaffolds. Moreover, a series of in vitro cell experiments including the attachment, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of mouse bone marrow stromal cells were conducted to testify their biological performances. The results showed that 3D printed β-TCP/CS scaffolds possessed of controllable internal porous structures and external…

3D-printed IFN-γ-loading calcium silicate-β-tricalcium phosphate scaffold sequentially activates M1 and M2 polarization of macrophages to promote vascularization of tissue engineering bone

Acta Biomaterialia 2018 Volume 71, Pages 96-107

To promote vascularization of tissue-engineered bone, IFN-γ polarizing macrophages to M1 was loaded on 5% calcium silicate/β-tricalcium phosphate (CaSiO3-β-TCP) scaffolds. IFN-γ and Si released from the scaffold were designed to polarize M1 and M2 macrophages, respectively. β-TCP, CaSiO3-β-TCP, and IFN-γ@CaSiO3-β-TCP were fabricated and biocompatibilities were evaluated. Polarizations of macrophages were detected by flow cytometry. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells with GFP were cultured and induced on Matrigel with conditioned culture medium extracted from culture of macrophages loaded on scaffolds for evaluating angiogenesis. Four weeks after the scaffolds were subcutaneously implanted into C57B1/6, vascularization was evaluated by visual observation, hematoxylin and…