3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers by D. W. Scott (3 results)

Multimaterial Dual Gradient Three-Dimensional Printing for Osteogenic Differentiation and Spatial Segregation

Tissue Engineering Part A 2020 Volume 26, Number 5-6, Pages 239-252

In this study of three-dimensional (3D) printed composite β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP)-/hydroxyapatite/poly(ɛ-caprolactone)-based constructs, the effects of vertical compositional ceramic gradients and architectural porosity gradients on the osteogenic differentiation of rabbit bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were investigated. Specifically, three different concentrations of β-TCP (0, 10, and 20 wt%) and three different porosities (33% ± 4%, 50% ± 4%, and 65% ± 3%) were examined to elucidate the contributions of chemical and physical gradients on the biochemical behavior of MSCs and the mineralized matrix production within a 3D culture system. By delaminating the constructs at the gradient transition point, the spatial separation of cellular phenotypes could be specifically…

Fabrication and mechanical characterization of 3D printed vertical uniform and gradient scaffolds for bone and osteochondral tissue engineering

Acta Biomaterialia 2019 Volume 90, Pages 37-48

Recent developments in 3D printing (3DP) research have led to a variety of scaffold designs and techniques for osteochondral tissue engineering; however, the simultaneous incorporation of multiple types of gradients within the same construct remains a challenge. Herein, we describe the fabrication and mechanical characterization of porous poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and PCL-hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds with incorporated vertical porosity and ceramic content gradients via a multimaterial extrusion 3DP system. Scaffolds of 0 wt% HA (PCL), 15 wt% HA (HA15), or 30 wt% HA (HA30) were fabricated with uniform composition and porosity (using 0.2 mm, 0.5 mm, or 0.9 mm on-center fiber spacing), uniform composition and gradient porosity, and…

Extrusion-based 3D printing of poly(propylene fumarate) in a full-factorial design

ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering 2016 Volume 2, Issue 10, Pages 1771–1780

3D printing has emerged as an important technique for fabricating tissue engineered scaffolds. However, systematic evaluations of biomaterials for 3D printing have not been widely investigated. We evaluated poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF) as a model material for extrusion-based printing applications. A full-factorial design evaluating the effects of four factors (PPF concentration, printing pressure, printing speed, and programmed fiber spacing) on viscosity, fiber diameter, and pore size was performed layer-by-layer on 3D scaffolds. We developed a linear model of printing solution viscosity, where concentration of PPF had the greatest effect on viscosity, and the polymer exhibited shear thinning behavior. Additionally, linear models…