3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers by B. Ghammraoui (3 results)

Extrudability analysis of drug loaded pastes for 3D printing of modified release tablets

International Journal of Pharmaceutics 2019 Volume 554, Pages 292-301

The rheological characteristics of pastes for 3D printing of tablets may not be described fully by the traditional rheological tests generally used for other pastes. In the present study, extrudability testing of carbopol based 3D printing pastes was performed to establish a constitutive rheological model for micro-extrusion. This model was developed for pastes that exhibit a non-linear plasto-viscoelastic behavior and follow the generalized Herschel–Bulkley flow rule. An analytical model was applied to extrudability data obtained by micro-extrusion through nozzles of 0.4 and 0.6 mm diameters. For this purpose, nineteen pastes were prepared per a fractional factorial design using various concentrations of…

Development of mechanistic models to identify critical formulation and process variables of pastes for 3D printing of modified release tablets

International Journal of Pharmaceutics 2019 Volume 555, Pages 109-123

The future of pharmaceutical manufacturing may be significantly transformed by 3-dimensional (3D) printing. As an emerging technology, the indicators of quality for materials and processes used in 3D printing have not been fully established. The objective of this study was to identify the critical material attributes of semisolid paste formulations filled into cartridges for 3D printing of personalized medicine. Nineteen semisolid formulations were prepared per a fractional factorial design with three replicates of the center point. The variables investigated included percent loading of API and various soluble and insoluble excipients. Pastes were characterized for viscoelastic characteristics during the 3D printing…

Stable gelatin-based phantom materials with tunable x-ray attenuation properties and 3D printability for x-ray imaging

Physics in Medicine & Biology 2018 Volume 63, Number 9, Article 09NT01

We report a novel method for developing gelatin-based phantom materials for transmission x-ray imaging with high stability at room temperature and tunable x-ray attenuation properties. This is achieved by efficiently cross-linking gelatin in a glycerin solution with only 10% water by volume and systematically decreasing their x-ray attenuation coefficients by doping with microbubbles that are originally designed to be used as lightweight additives for paints and crack fillers. For demonstration, we mimic breast glandular and adipose tissues by using such gelatin materials and also study the feasibility of 3D printing them based on the extrusion-based technique. Results from x-ray spectroscopy…