3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers by A. J. Melchiorri (3 results)

3D Printing of Tissue Engineering Scaffolds with Horizontal Pore and Composition Gradients

Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods 2019 Volume 25, Issue 7, Pages 411-420

This work investigated a new 3D-printing methodology to prepare porous scaffolds containing horizontal pore and composition gradients. To achieve that, a multimaterial printing technology developed in our laboratory was adapted to incorporate pore gradients. Fibers were printed by welding segments with unique material compositions and fiber diameters. Particularly, we focused on the preparation of model composite poly(ε-caprolactone)-based scaffolds with radial gradients of particulate hydroxyapatite (HA) content (higher concentrations in the outer region of the scaffold) and porosity (higher in the inner region). The morphology of the scaffolds revealed that the methodology allowed the fabrication of discrete regions with compressive mechanical…

Fabrication and mechanical characterization of 3D printed vertical uniform and gradient scaffolds for bone and osteochondral tissue engineering

Acta Biomaterialia 2019 Volume 90, Pages 37-48

Recent developments in 3D printing (3DP) research have led to a variety of scaffold designs and techniques for osteochondral tissue engineering; however, the simultaneous incorporation of multiple types of gradients within the same construct remains a challenge. Herein, we describe the fabrication and mechanical characterization of porous poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and PCL-hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds with incorporated vertical porosity and ceramic content gradients via a multimaterial extrusion 3DP system. Scaffolds of 0 wt% HA (PCL), 15 wt% HA (HA15), or 30 wt% HA (HA30) were fabricated with uniform composition and porosity (using 0.2 mm, 0.5 mm, or 0.9 mm on-center fiber spacing), uniform composition and gradient porosity, and…

Multimaterial Segmented Fiber Printing for Gradient Tissue Engineering

Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods 2019 Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 12-24

In this work, we present a printing method to fabricate scaffolds consisting of multimaterial segmented fibers. Particularly, we developed a reproducible printing process to create single fibers with multiple discrete compositions and control over the distribution of particulate ceramics—namely hydroxyapatite (HA) and β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP)—within poly(ɛ-caprolactone)-based composite scaffolds. Tensile testing revealed that the mechanical integrity of individual segmented fibers was preserved compared with nonsegmented fibers, and microcomputed tomography and thermal analysis confirmed the homogeneous distribution of ceramics incorporated in the fiber compositions. Moreover, we printed and characterized composite scaffolds containing model inverse radial gradients of HA and TCP that could…