3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying 10 latest papers (210 papers in the database)

“Tissue Papers” from Organ-Specific Decellularized Extracellular Matrices

Advanced Functional Materials 2017 Volume 27, Issue 34

Using an innovative, tissue-independent approach to decellularized tissue processing and biomaterial fabrication, the development of a series of “tissue papers” derived from native porcine tissues/organs (heart, kidney, liver, muscle), native bovine tissue/organ (ovary and uterus), and purified bovine Achilles tendon collagen as a control from decellularized extracellular matrix particle ink suspensions cast into molds is described. Each tissue paper type has distinct microstructural characteristics as well as physical and mechanical properties, is capable of absorbing up to 300% of its own weight in liquid, and remains mechanically robust (E = 1–18 MPa) when hydrated; permitting it to be cut, rolled,…

Biomimetic 3D printed scaffolds for meniscus tissue engineering

Bioprinting 2017 Volume 8, Pages 1-7

The menisci distribute loads to protect the articular cartilage of the knee joint from excessive stress. Injuries to their avascular inner regions do not heal, disrupt function, and increase the risk for knee osteoarthritis. Meniscus tissue engineering aims to restore normal meniscus function by use of regenerated tissue on bioengineered scaffolds. The primary purpose of this study was to design and 3D print polycaprolactone scaffolds that recapitulate the shape and structural components of the meniscus extracellular matrix to provide a template and structural support for complete cell-based meniscus regeneration. A secondary aim was to characterize 3D printed polycaprolactone scaffold fibre…

Development and Analysis of a 3D Printed Hydrogel Soft Actuator

Sensors and Actuators A 2017 Volume 265, Pages 94–101

Polyelectrolyte hydrogels produce mechanical motion in response to electrical stimulus making them a good candidate for implementation of soft actuators. However, their customary fabrication process has thus far hindered their applicability in a broad range of controlled folding behaviours. This paper employs the 3D printing technology does the development of polyelectrolyte hydrogel soft actuators. A 3D printed soft hydrogel actuator with contactless electrodes is presented for the first time. Initially chitosan as a candidate of polyelectrolytes which possess both printability and stimuli responsive is opted for ink preparation of 3D printing. The printing parameters are optimised for fabrication of desired…

3D Bioprinting of Cellulose with Controlled Porous Structures from NMMO

Materials Letters 2017
L. Li Y. Zhu Y. Yang

In the present work, dissolved cellulose has been 3D bioprinted to produce complex structures with ordered interconnected pores. The process consists of the dissolution of dissolving pulps in N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO), multilayered dispensing, water removal of NMMO and freeze-drying. 3D bioprinting of cellulose/NMMO solution at 70 ℃ was analogous to that of thermoplastics by the process of melting and solidification to produce cellulose/NMMO objects in the solid form. However, 3D bioprinting of cellulose/NMMO solution at a higher temperature than 70 ℃ produced cellulose/NMMO objects in the gel form. Cellulose was regenerated by water; thereafter, freeze-drying treatment maintained the 3D bioprinted structures…

Molecularly imprinted polymers immobilized on 3D printed scaffolds as novel solid phase extraction sorbent for metergoline

Analytica Chimica Acta 2017

In the present work, a novel solid phase extraction (SPE) sorbent was developed based on molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) immobilized on 3D-printed scaffolds using polymer networks as MIP-immobilizing layer. MIPs were produced by precipitation polymerization in acetonitrile (ACN) using methacrylic acid (MAA) as functional monomer, trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate (TRIM) as crosslinker and metergoline as model template which allows final recognition of ergot alkaloid mycotoxins. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) analyses showed an average MIP particle size of 457 ± 145 nm. Functional MIP analysis revealed dissociation constants (KD) of 0.29 and 38.90 μM for high and low…

3D printing PLGA: a quantitative examination of the effects of polymer composition and printing parameters on print resolution

Biofabrication 2017 Volume 9, Number 2, Article 024101

In the past few decades, 3D printing has played a significant role in fabricating scaffolds with consistent, complex structure that meet patient-specific needs in future clinical applications. Although many studies have contributed to this emerging field of additive manufacturing, which includes material development and computer-aided scaffold design, current quantitative analyses do not correlate material properties, printing parameters, and printing outcomes to a great extent. A model that correlates these properties has tremendous potential to standardize 3D printing for tissue engineering and biomaterial science. In this study, we printed poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) utilizing a direct melt extrusion technique without additional ingredients….

PLGA

Evaluation of 3D-Printed Polycaprolactone Scaffolds Coated with Freeze-Dried Platelet-Rich Plasma for Bone Regeneration

Materials 2017 Volume 10, Issue 7, Article 831

Three-dimensional printing is one of the most promising techniques for the manufacturing of scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. However, a pure scaffold is limited by its biological properties. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been shown to have the potential to improve the osteogenic effect. In this study, we improved the biological properties of scaffolds by coating 3D-printed polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffolds with freeze-dried and traditionally prepared PRP, and we evaluated these scaffolds through in vitro and in vivo experiments. In vitro, we evaluated the interaction between dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and the scaffolds by measuring cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity,…

Repair of Tympanic Membrane Perforations with Customized, Bioprinted Ear Grafts Using Chinchilla Models

Tissue Engineering Part A 2017

The goal of this work is to develop an innovative method that combines bioprinting and endoscopic imaging to repair tympanic membrane perforations (TMPs). TMPs are a serious health issue because they can lead to both conductive hearing loss and repeated otitis media. TMPs occur in 3 to 5% of cases after ear tube placement as well as in cases of acute otitis media (the second most common infection in pediatrics), chronic otitis media with or without cholesteatoma, or as a result of barotrauma to the ear. About 55,000 tympanoplasties, the surgery performed to reconstruct TMPs, are performed every year and…

2D and 3D-printing of self-healing gels: design and extrusion of self-rolling objects

Molecular Systems Design & Engineering 2017

In this work, we report the synthesis, characterization and three-dimensional (3D) printing of self-healing gels. The gels are prepared by cross-linking benzaldehyde-functionalized poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) with ethylenediamine (EDA) to form dynamic imine bonds. An immediate gelation was observed within seconds, followed by a full maturation, enabling time independent and stable printing. The self-healing gels showed 98% recovery from mechanical damages. To establish a printable window for our well-defined system, and to allow robust printability, we examined a broad number of ink formulations. To tune the rheology towards the formation of soft and extrudable, yet stable and self-supporting materials, we examined…

Bioprinting pattern-dependent electrical/mechanical behavior of cardiac alginate implants: characterization and ex-vivo phase-contrast microtomography assessment

Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods 2017

Three-dimensional (3D)-bioprinting techniques may be used to modulate electrical/mechanical properties and porosity of hydrogel constructs for fabrication of suitable cardiac implants. Notably, characterization of these properties after implantation remains a challenge, raising the need for the development of novel quantitative imaging techniques for monitoring hydrogel implant behavior in-situ. This study aims to (i) assess the influence of hydrogel bioprinting patterns on electrical/mechanical behavior of cardiac implants based on a 3D-printing technique and (ii) investigate the potential of synchrotron X-ray phase contrast computed tomography (PCI-CT) for estimating elastic modulus/impedance/porosity and microstructural features of 3D-printed cardiac implants in-situ via an ex-vivo study….